eLADE (CLM-University of Granada Online Examination for the Accreditation of Mastery of Level B1/B2 in Spanish)

Image eLADE (CLM-University of Granada Online Examination for the Accreditation of Mastery of Level B1/B2 in Spanish)

DESCRIPTION OF THE EXAM

eLADEThe exam for the accreditation of levels B1 and B2 in Spanish is a bi-level exam on-line, recognised by the University of Granada, ACLES (Asociación de Centros de Lenguas en la Enseñanza Superior, the Spanish Association of Language Centres in Higher Education), CERCLES (European Confederation of Language Centres in Higher Education) and CRUE (Conferencia de Rectores de las Universidades Españolas, the Conferation of Spanish University Deans).


The exam is intended for everyone who wishes to attain accreditation of levels B1 and B2 in Spanish. The accreditation of these levels is valid for professional and academic purposes, as well as for access to university degree, postgraduate and Masters courses, and for mobility programmes in universities and centres which recognise it (ACLES, CERCLES, and CRUE).


It is designed by the teachers of the Evaluation and Accreditation unit of the University of Granada’s Centro de Lenguas Modernas, experts in the evaluation of languages following the most rigorous standards and procedures of design and validation for international exams according to the guidelines of CEFR, EALTA, ALTE, and the manuals of the Council of Europe.


The details of validation and reliability of the June 2014 session can be consulted here. The example exam which appears on the web comes from this exam session. Datos de validación y fiabilidad del examen para web - eLADE junio 2014


The exam is done on-line, and the speaking test is done on Skype. It can be done anywhere in the world, through accredited sites, or at the University of Granada’s Centro de Lenguas Modernas.


The exam can be held at any official institution that has been accredited for this purpose through an agreement of confidentiality with CLM University of Granada. Full information on the selection and accreditation of venues can be found on the eLADE web pages.


The exam consists of four parts or tests designed to evaluate six communicative language activities; reading comprehension, listening comprehension, written expression and interaction, and oral expression and interaction.


Listening comprehension Reading comprehension Written expression and interaction Oral expression and interaction
5 listening and/or audiovisual tasks 5 reading tasks 2 written tasks 3 oral expression and interaction tasks
45 minutes 75 minutes 60 minutes 10-15 minutes
On-line On-line On-line Skype o presencial en el CLM

The exam lasts 3 hours 15 minutes. This is sufficient time to complete each of the parts. All of the parts contribute to the accreditation of levels B1 and B2. To achieve the accreditation at either of the levels, the candidate must pass all parts of the exam at that level.


All of the tests which make up the exam are validated through previous piloting and analysis of reliability and validity. The closed tests (Listening comprehension [LC] and Reading comprehension [RC] are validated through statistical analysis with SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) and Winsteps, and the open tests (Written expression [WE], and Oral expression and interaction [OEI]) by way of double marking by teachers expert in evaluation, who have been trained and subjected to tests of standardisation of criteria.


A description of each of the parts of the exam follows.


The detailed specifications of the exam can be seen on the following link: Especificaciones del eLADE - Centro de Lenguas Modernas de la Universidad de Granada.


Detailed information on those responsible for developing and evaluating the exam can be seen on the following link: Información sobre los creadores y los evaluadores del examen.

LISTENING COMPREHENSION (LC) 45 minutes

The listening comprehension consists of 5 listening or audiovisual tasks. In their content, at least 2 are of B1 level, and 2 of B2 level. In total there are 25-30 items (between 5 and 10 in each task). Each recording is heard twice.


Listening Comprehension 5 listening or audiovisual tasks
Type of input News, reports, talks, advertising slots etc.
Language functions featured Description, arguments, presentations, instructions etc.
Register Standard (formal and /or academic)
Types of items

Alternative or multiple choice, with 3 or 4 options.

Relating statements with part of the listening text.

Short answers, with a maximum of 5 words.

READING COMPREHENSION (RC) 75 minutes

The Reading comprehension consists of 5 texts. In their content at least 2 are of B1 level, and 2 of B2 level. In total there are 25-30 items (between 5 and 10 in each task).


Listening Comprehension 5 texts
Type of input Articles, editorials, summaries, advertisements, guides, instructions, etc.
Language functions featured Presentations, arguments, descriptions, instructions, etc.
Register Standard (formal and /or academic)
Types of items

Alternative or multiple choice, with 3 or 4 options.

Reinsertion of pieces of text (inserting in their original position in the text of words or sections of text previously removed).

Connecting or matching (connecting elements from 2 lists consisting short texts and linked statements).

Short answers, with a maximum of 5 words. True /False answers with reasons.

WRITTEN EXPRESSION (WE): 60 minutes

Consists of 2 tasks.


Written expression B1 task B2 task
Length 150 - 200 words 250 - 300 words
Format Letter, e-mail (informal/neutral), narrative. Letter, e-mail (informal/neutral), article, report, essay, narrative.
Discourse type Narrative, description, explanatory text. Narrative, description, explanatory text, argument.
Language functions Describe events, narrate, explain, give opinions, persuade, argue, inform, suggest, compare and contrast, exemplify, evaluate (advantages/disadvantages), summarise, express possibility/probability. Describe events, narrate, explain, give opinions, persuade, argue, inform, suggest, compare and contrast, exemplify, evaluate (advantages/disadvantages), summarise, express possibility/probability.
Definition of competence (CEFR) Is capable of producing simple coherent texts on subjects that are routine or are of personal interest. Can produce clear detailed texts on various themes, can defend a point of view on general subjects, indicating the advantages and disadvantages of different opinions.

Evaluation criteria:

Following the recommendations of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) the following criteria will be taken into account:

Task fulfilment

Coherence

Range and control of vocabulary

Accuracy

(For more detailed information, consult chapter 3 and chapter 5 of the CEFR)


Example of B2 task

Example of appropriate response to B2 task with comments

Example of inappropriate response to B2 task with comments

ORAL EXPRESSION AND INTERACTION (OEI): 10-15 minutes

The Oral Expression and Interaction part consists of 3 tasks carried out through an individual interview on Skype, or in person at the Centro de Lenguas Modernas.


Oral expression and interaction Task 1 - B1 Task 2 - B1 Task 3 - B2
Task Personal interview with interaction, based on questions from the examiner. Interaction in a given situation, to solve a problem. Monologue on a subject chosen by the candidate, followed by a conversation on that subject with the examiner.
Options - 3 3
Time 2-3 minutes 3-4 minutes

10 minutes preparation

4-5 minutes monologue

2-3 minutes conversation

Definition of Competence (CEFR) Possesses sufficient linguistic resources to express her/himself reasonably fluently, and sufficient vocabulary to express ideas with only a few doubts and circumlocutions on subjects such as the family, hobbies and interests, work, travels and current events, but lexical limitations cause some repetition, and at times problems in formation. Can express her/himself with clarity and no obvious sign of having to limit what he/she wishes to say. Possesses sufficient linguistic resources to give clear descriptions, express points of view and develop arguments using some complex forms, and without undue searching for vocabulary.

Evaluation criteria:
Following the recommendations of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) the following criteria will be taken into account:

- Fluency

- Coherence

- Task fulfilment (monologue)

- Accuracy

- Range and control of vocabulary

- Interaction

(For more detailed information, consult chapter 3 and chapter 5 of the CEFR)


- Example of interactive task in a particular situation, to solve a problem (B1)

- Example of monologue and conversation task (B2)

CONTACT

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